Bromelain (from pineapple) and papain (from papaya) are proteolytic enzymes that help to digest proteins.
Support healthy digestive function
- Digestive health
- Contains 100 veg capsules
Nature's Life Bromelain & Papain are proteolytic enzymes that help to digest proteins, bromelain from pineapples and papain from papaya.
Digestive & Enzymes
Digestion is the process by which the body breaks down food into absorbable nutrients. The body absorbs and assimilates everything that we ingest. Digestion includes physical actions such as chewing and peristalsis (involuntary contraction and dilation of muscles to force forward movement), as well as the chemical actions of enzymes, bile and acids.
An enzyme is a protein that acts as a catalyst in a biological reaction. It binds itself to a substance and converts it into another substance. Enzymes are very specific in their functions, which is why there are different enzymes for different biological reactions. In the case of digestion, distinct forms of food require specific enzymes. Food is digested in three areas of the body: the mouth, the stomach and the intestines.
Beginning in the mouth with chewing, food is physically broken up into small pieces to facilitate the beginning of complete digestion. Chewing thoroughly is an important step because smaller pieces offer more surface area for contact with the digestive enzymes and acids in the stomach and are therefore more easily digested. Chewing also stimulates the release of hormones that control appetite. The longer you chew, the less likely you are to overeat.
The primary function of the stomach is to break large proteins into smaller peptides and peptones. The acidic environment in the stomach (1.5 to 7.0 pH) is home to the enzyme pepsin, used to digest proteins. Pepsin breaks up proteins into smaller peptides of varying lengths. Other enzymes such as gelatinase (for gelatin) digest specific proteins.
Amylase (for starch) is inactivated, or destroyed, when stomach pH falls below 6.5. Before this happens however, up to 50% of starches may be partially broken down. Some fat is emulsified (broken up into smaller pieces) in the stomach by bile acids, and the enzyme lipase, to aid digestion in the small intestine. At the average stomach pH of 2.0, however, most fat is formed into large globules that pass unchanged into the small intestine. Small amounts of sucrose (table sugar) may be broken apart into glucose and fructose by acid hydrolysis from the bile acids in the stomach.
Virtually all absorption of nutrients (macronutrients such as carbohydrates and fats and micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals) occurs in the intestines. Absorption of nutrients is, in fact, the primary function of the small intestine. Most carbohydrates, for instance, are absorbed in the small intestine. The pancreatic enzymes secreted into the small intestine also contain amylase which breaks down starches into a disaccharide (a complex carbohydrate) called maltose. In the intestines, enzymes such as maltase and lactase break disaccharides into single sugars, such as glucose. When adults and older children do not have enough lactase to digest lactose (the sugar in milk) lactose intolerance results and milk cannot be completely digested.